Positive Behaviour Support| News
Many NDIS plans will have funding for Positive Behaviour Support. Usually funded under Improved Relationships, it can cause all sorts of confusion. Let’s start with a definition.
Positive Behaviour Support or PBS is
- An individualized approach used to teach and encourage children to behave in socially appropriate ways;
- Underpinned by a thorough assessment of the behaviours of concern;
- Looks at removing the things that trigger and encourage negative behavior;
- Teaches alternative and more appropriate behavior;
- Is implemented by everyone involved with a child on a day-to-day basis; and
- Used in the natural environment where a behaviour occurs.
Who can benefit from Positive Behaviour Support?
Typically a child being funded for Positive Behaviour Support will have behaviours of concern, either at home or school or in both contexts. Under the NDIS, these children will have developmental delays or disability.
So, specifically, why is Positive Behaviour Support used?
Primarily it is used to reduce challenging behaviors. Challenging behaviors in children may include:
- ongoing patterns of non-compliance (e.g. refusing to do as they have been asked;
- behaving in socially inappropriate ways, like taking their clothes off in public;
- aggression to others or tantrums; and
- hurting themselves – for example, by head-banging or biting
Where does Positive Behaviour Support originate?
Positive Behaviour Support evolved from Applied Behavioural Analysis, which are both based on ‘learning theory,’ but PBS developed with a stronger focus on being person and family-centered.
Learning theory suggests that how people behave in a situation depends on their previous experiences in similar situations.
What does Positive Behaviour Support (PBS) involve?
Firstly, a functional assessment can be conducted by a suitably qualified therapist.
After the assessment, families work with the therapist on a detailed plan to remove or minimize the triggers of the problem behavior and, wherever possible, stop any accidental rewards for the action.
Once they have a plan, parents can teach and encourage them to use new skills and appropriate communication methods to express wants and needs.
Looking to find an Early Intervention Program that works for your child? Choosing an Early Intervention program for your child can be a very overwhelming and confusing process. Reach out to Miika on 0421 012 956 for Support Coordination assistance.